Design Glossary | L-N
Use this landscape architecture design glossary to find what you need.
Land Trust: Land trusts are conservation groups who maintain revolving funds for the purpose of quickly buying land that has fallen under the danger of being inappropriately developed with no regard to environmental considerations.
Land Use: Land use refers to the designated use or activity on a specific site of land.
Landscape: Landscape is, specifically, the amount of land, either countryside or cityscape, that can be seen at once in a glance. Landscape also refers to an area of either land or water taken in aggregate.
Landscape Architect: A landscape architect is a professional who is responsible for the designing, planning, and management of an outdoor space and is well versed in working with various forms of media including both natural and man-made elements. Landscape architects projects may range from an entire ecosystem to a much smaller residential site and they are sometimes referred to as landscape contractors, landscapers, or nurserymen.
Landscape Architecture: Landscape architecture is both the art and science of designing, planning, and managing land. Landscape architecture may involve natural or man-made elements and focus on concerns regarding resource conservation and environmental impact. The most successful landscape architecture ventures add value to a project and its site, minimizes all costs involved, and aim to disrupt nature and its resources as little as possible.
Landscape Architecture Registration: In the U.S., landscape architecture registration is the certification of an individual allowing them to legally use the term “landscape architect” after their name as well as allowing them to legally practice landscape architecture. The landscape architecture registration process may involve examinations as well as having the required degrees and necessary experience.
Landscape Contractor: A landscape contractor is trained in the building or installation of landscapes and is usually hired by a landscape architect to work on a project.
Landscape Designer: Much like garden designers, landscape designers work to design and create all different types of landscapes, performing many similar services, but they are not registered or licensed and do not hold the distinction and title of a landscape architect.
Landscape Manager: A landscape manager uses their knowledge of a natural environment for the purpose of advising those in charge of the development or maintenance of that landscape. Landscape managers are often employed by estate management companies, nature conservation and agricultural organizations, and in the worlds of forestry and horticulture.
Landscape Planner: Landscape planners focus on the planning aspects of projects for urban, rural, and also coastal land use. Landscape planners create written statements, strategies, and policies, and do evaluations and assessments with some planners having specialized areas that they focus primarily on such as landscape archeology.
Landscape Scientist: Landscape scientists are skilled in areas such as botany, geomorphology, hydrology, and soil science and use them to address practical problems in landscaping. Landscape scientists may handle projects ranging from small site surveys to the complete ecological assessment of vast areas of land for management and planning purposes, and they may also report on a project’s impact on a particular species of animal or plant life in a specific area.
Landscape Technician or Engineer: Landscape technicians, also commonly called landscape engineers, are mainly employed by landscape construction or service entities, or they may also work independently. Many landscape technicians work in the public sector in either central or local government agencies while others are employed by independent landscape architecture firms.
Loggia: A loggia is an arcade or gallery with an open roof located along either the side or front of a building and most usually on its upper most level.
Manipulation of Space: Manipulation of space, in landscape architecture, is the art of organizing different areas of land for specific aesthetic and or functional purposes. Manipulation of space may be needed in instances ranging from designing and constructing a large, urban shopping plaza or a small, backyard living space.
Manor: In medieval western Europe a manor was the district in which a lord held their domain but in landscape architecture the term is now often used to describe any landed estate.
Master Plan: Master plans are the preliminary plans outlining the proposed work to be done on a site. Because many projects are rather involved and therefore time consuming, master plans are subject to change throughout all the various phases.
Multidimensional Drawings: Renderings in 2D and 3D are often used to show various views of a landscape, allowing one to have a more realistic view of the end result. Features such as retaining walls, pools, ponds, and fountains are always easier to visualize if they’re seen in their true three dimensional form.
Multiple Use: Multiple use is the harmonious use of a section of land for more than one single purpose. Multiple use doesn’t necessarily indicate that the merging of two or more uses will yield the best or highest economic return. An example of multiple use would be the combination of a residential and commercial development both on the same site.
National Park: A national park is a large, public area usually very scenic, forested and regulated and operated by the U.S. federal government.
National Park Service (NPS): Said to employ the largest number of landscape architects in all of the United States, the NPS is a federal agency of the United States’ Department of Interior and oversees the planning and administration of all national monuments and parks within the system.
Native Species: Native species refers to plant life that is indigenous or native to a specific ecosystem or natural habitat, and every single natural living organism has its own locale that is considered to be its habitat or environment.
Natural Resources: Natural resources include elements found inherent to a certain area that can be mined or cultivated for some purpose. Examples of natural resources include air, water, soil, minerals, and native wildlife and vegetation.
Neoclassicism: Closely resembling classical antiquity, the artistic style of neoclassicism was first used during the latter portion of the eighteenth century and is characterized by both its uniformity and regularity.
New Town: During the 19th and 20th centuries, carefully planned communities were developed throughout the United States and Great Britain and included a balance of open space, housing, and areas for both commercial and recreational activities. Examples of New Towns include Columbia, Maryland and Reston, Virginia in the U.S. and Harlow or Stevenage in Britain.
New Urbanism: A type of urban design movement, new urbanism is the term used to describe projects that aim to transform and reform neighborhoods in need. Beginning in the early 1980s, new urbanism may include programs such as those promoting walker friendly neighborhoods with pedestrian oriented areas and plenty of public space. Landscape architects and urban planners are two types of professionals that are often involved with new urbanism projects, some funded by the private sector while others backed by public money or HUD (Housing and Urban Development).